From the Institute of Medicine:
Physical fitness affects our ability to function and be active. At
poor levels, it is associated with such health outcomes as diabetes and
cardiovascular disease. Physical fitness testing in American youth was
established on a large scale in the 1950s with an early focus on
performance-related fitness that gradually gave way to an emphasis on
health-related fitness. Using appropriately selected measures to
collected fitness data in youth will advance our understanding of how
fitness among youth translates into better health.
In this report, the IOM assesses the relationship between youth
fitness test items and health outcomes, recommends the best fitness test
items, provides guidance for interpreting fitness scores, and provides
an agenda for needed research.
The report concludes that selected cardiorespiratory endurance,
musculoskeletal fitness, and body composition measures should be in
fitness surveys and in schools. Collecting fitness data nationally and
in schools helps with setting and achieving fitness goals and priorities
for public health at an individual and national level.
More information and a free report download, click here